Hot Rolled Steel process

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HOT-ROLLED STEEL

Hot-rolling refers to a mill process in which you roll the steel at a temperature above its recrystallization temperature; a heat that typically exceeds 1000° F.

When steel is heated past its recrystallization point, it becomes more malleable and can be properly formed and shaped. It also allows for the ability to produce larger quantities of steel. The steel is then cooled at room temperature, which “normalizes” it, eliminating the worry for stresses in the material arising when quenching or work-hardening.

When the steel cools off, it will shrink non-uniformly, which gives slightly less control on the overall size and shape of a finished hot-rolled product.

Hot-rolled steel typically has a scaly surface finish. For situations in which the appearance of the material is a concern, the scales can be removed by several techniques: pickling, grinding, or sand-blasting.

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These properties make hot-rolled steel most suitable for structural components and other applications where incredibly precise shapes and tolerances are of less importance, such as:

  • Railroad tracks
  • I-beams
  • Agricultural equipment
  • Sheet metal
  • Automotive frames

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Hot rolled steel has been roll-pressed at high temperatures (over 1,700˚F), which is above the re-crystallization temperature for most steels. This makes the steel easier to form, and also results in products that are easier to work with.
To process hot rolled steel, manufacturers start with a large, rectangular billet. The billet gets heated and sent for pre-processing, where it is flattened into a large roll. From there, it is kept at a high temperature, and the glowing white-hot steel is run through a series of compression rollers to achieve its finished dimensions. For sheet metal, manufacturers spin the rolled steel into coils and leave it to cool. For other forms, such as bars and plates, materials are sectioned and packaged.

Steel shrinks slightly as it cools. Because hot rolled steel is cooled after processing, there is less control over its final shape, making it less suitable for precision applications. Hot rolled steel is often used when minutely specific dimensions aren’t crucial—in railroad tracks and construction projects, for example.
Hot rolled steel typically requires much less processing than cold rolled steel, which makes it a lot less expensive. Hot rolled steel is also allowed to cool at room temperature, so it’s essentially normalized, meaning it’s free from internal stresses that can arise during quenching or work-hardening processes.
Hot rolled steel is ideal where dimensional tolerances aren’t as important as overall material strength, and where surface finish isn’t a key concern. If surface finish is a concern, scaling can be removed by grinding, sand blasting, or acid-bath pickling. Once scaling is removed, various brush or mirror finishes can be applied. Descaled steel also offers a better surface for painting and other surface coatings.

Contact our experts right now to place your order. Head office contact number: 02122247000 – 09108697000

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